最全的小学英语句型转换!

发布时间:2018-06-13 21:58

小学英语中的句型转换属于较难的题型,对孩子的英语综合能力有一定要求。除了必须掌握基础的词汇外,还要对语法知识和句子语序有很好的掌握,很多孩子在这种题型上失分比较严重,其实是他们没有掌握好方法。


小学英语的句型转换就只有那几种类型,盒小妹告诉你只要掌握了方法,就不怕不会做啦!


小学英语的句型转换就只有那几种类型,小英告诉你只要掌握了方法,就不怕不会做啦!



一、肯定句改否定句的方法


1、 在be动词后加not。如:is not , are not , am not


2、 在can,should, will等后加not。

如:can not, should not,will not;


3、 上述都没有的,在动词前加助动词否定形式don’t/doesn’t/didn’t。


4、 some 改成any


如: I am a girl. → I am not a girl.

You are a student. →You are not a student.

→You aren’t a student.

This is Tom’s bag, → This is not Tom’s bag.→ This isn’t Tom’s bag.

二、肯定句改一般疑问句的方法


1、把be动词放在句首,剩下的照抄,(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)句点改成问号。


2、把can,shall, will等放到句首,剩下的照抄,(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)句点改成问号。


3、上述都没有的,在句首请助动词Do/Does/Did帮忙,剩下的照抄,(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)句点改成问号。

注意:句首的第一个字母要大写,句尾标点应为“?”。


如:

I am in Class 6. →Are you in Class 6?

You are from America. →Are you from  America?

It is an orange. →Is it an orange?


4、就一般疑问句回答

一般疑问句有两种回答,即:肯定回答和否定回答。其中,肯定回答用yes,否定回答用no。 语句顺序为:Yes + 主语 + am /is/ are/was/were.|can.|do/does/did|; No + 主语+ am not/ isn’t/ aren’t


如:

—Are you an English teacher?→Yes, I am. /No, I am not.

—Is that a bird? →Yes, it is./ No, it isn’t.

三、对划线部分提问


“就划线部分提问”是小学阶段英语学习的难点,但是一旦掌握了规律,就变得容易多了。 小学英语对划线部分提问之答题口诀 :


一代:用正确的疑问词代替划线部分

二移:把疑问词移至句首

三倒:颠倒主谓语,但对主语或其定语提问时除外(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)

四抄:照抄句子剩余部分


特殊疑问词的确定要根据划线内容而定,在小学阶段常出现的有以下几种:


①划线部分是“事或物”,特殊疑问词用what 


如: This is a book.---What is this? 

 I often play football on Saturdays .---What do you often do on Saturdays ?


②划线部分是“人”,特殊疑问词用who 


如:He is my brother. ---Who is he ? 


③划线部分是“地点”,特殊疑问词用where 


如:The box is on the desk.---Where is the box ? 


④划线部分是“时间”,特殊疑问词用what time或when


如:It's seven twenty . ---What time is it ? 

I usually get up at six . --- When do you usually get up? 


⑤划线部分是“年龄”,特殊疑问词用how old 


如:I am twelve . ---How old are you?  

My father is thirty-three . ---How old is your father ?


⑥划线部分是“职业”,特殊疑问词用what 


如:Mike is a worker. ---What is Mike ? 


⑦划线部分是“颜色”,特殊疑问词用what colour 


如: My hat is blue . ---What colour is your hat?  


⑧划线部分是“数量”,特殊疑问词用how many或how much 


如:I can see five kites .---How many kites can you see ?   

There is some milk in the glass. ---How much milk is there in the glass ? 


⑨划线部分是“多少钱”,特殊疑问词用how much 


如:This pen is nine yuan . ---How much is this pen ?  


⑩划线部分是“形容词性物主代词或名词性物主代词”,特殊疑问词用whose


如:That is my book . ---Whose book is that ?   

The bag is yours. ---Whose is the bag ?


以下口诀一定要记住


1.问“谁”用who

2.问“谁的”,用whose

3.问“地点哪里”,用where;

4.问“原因”,用why;

5.问“身体状况”,用how;

6.问“方式”,用how;

7.问“年龄”,用how old

8.问“多少”,用how many

9.问"价钱”用how much

10.问“哪一个”,用which 

11.问“什么”,用what

12.问“职业”,用what

13.问“颜色”,用what colour

14.问“星期”,用what day

15.问什么学科,用what subject

16.问“什么时候”,用when;

17.问几点用What’s the time?或 What time is it?


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