最全的初中必备英语短语!满分必备!

发布时间:2018-03-13 19:15

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A. look 短语


1. look at 看......

2. look for 寻找               

3. look up 查阅,向上看        

4. look out 向外看,小心        

5. look over 仔细检查           

6. look after 照顾,照料

7. look like 看起来像

8. look through 浏览

9. look into 向—里看

10. look around 环顾四周

11. look forward to 期盼,期待         

12. look ahead 向前看


B. put 短语


1. put up 举起,挂起,搭建

2. put on 穿上,戴上,上演        

3. put away 把—放好

4. put off 推迟,推延             

5. put down 把—放下,记下

6. put out 扑灭,伸出        

7. put into 把...放进...,把...译成...

8. put one's heart into 全神贯注于...


C. get 短语


1. get up 起床

2. get off 下车                   

3. get on 上车,相处,进展

4. get over 克服,恢复,原谅         

5. get back 回来,返回

6. get through 接通电话           

7. get along 进展,相处

8. get into 陷入...         

9. get out 出去,离开

10. get together 相聚            

11. get ready for 为...做准备

12. get married 结婚       

13. get in the way 碍事,挡道

14. get to 到达      


D. give 短语


1. give up 放弃   

2. give out 分发

3. give away 赠送,分发   

4. give back 归还


E. think 短语


1.think of 想起,认为

2.think up想出,提出

3.think about考虑

4.think over仔细考虑     

   

F. take 短语


1. take up 占据(时间,空间)       

2. take after 与(父母等)相像

3. take place 发生    

4. take care 小心,当心                

5. take off 脱下,起飞

6. take out 拿出,取出                

7. take away 拿走,带走

8. take down 取下              

9. take it easy 从容,不紧张

10. take care of 照顾,照料           

11. take a rest 休息一下

12. take a shower 洗澡               

13. take part in 参加  

14. take pride in 对...感到自豪                

15. take a photo 拍照 

16. take turns 轮流,依次                

17. take an interest in 对...感兴趣

18. take a vacation 去度假       

19. take medicine 服药

20. take an action 采取行动   

21. take a taxi 打的      

22. take one's advice 接受某人的建议


G. keep 短语


1. keep on 继续

2. keep out 不让...进入,挡住                     

3. keep off 使—不踏入               

4. keep away from 远离...

5. keep...down 控制,抑制           

6. keep healthy/fit 保持健康

7. keep from 隐瞒                   

8. keep doing sth 一直做某事

9. keep sb doing sth 使某人一直做某事 

10. keep sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事

11. keep up 坚持,保持              

12. keep in touch with sb 与某人保持联系


H. turn 短语


1. turn on 打开                 

2. turn off 关闭

3. turn up 调大,放大           

4. turn down 调小,关小

5. turn over 翻转过来           

6. turn left/right 向左转/向右转


I. make 短语


1. make up 编造,杜撰,构成,组成    

2. make a noise 吵闹

3. make a decision 做决定              

4. make room for 为----腾地方

5. make a face 做鬼脸                 

6. make mistakes 犯错误

7. make the bed 铺床                  

8. make friends 交朋友

9. make a living 谋生,度日            

10. make money 赚钱

11. make progress 取得进步           

12. make it 约定,成功,及时赶到

13. make sure 务必,确保             

14. make a plan 制定计划

15. make a telephone call 打电话       

16. make up one’s mind 下决心

17. make sb feel at home 使某人感到宾至如归

18. make a contribution to 为...做贡献


J. come 短语


1. come over 顺便来访           

2. come true 实现,达到

3. come out 出来,开放,出版    

4. come on 加油,来吧

5. come back 回来               

6. come up with 想出,提出

7. come in 进来                 

8. come along 出现,发生,来到

9. come from 来自,产自         

10. come across 遇见,(偶然)发现


K. on 短语


1. on duty 值日,值班           

2. on time 准时,按时

3. on foot 步行                  

4. on vacation 度假

5. on sale 销售,出售            

6. on TV 在电视里

7. on display 展出,陈列         

8. on board 在船上

9. on the Internet 在网上        

10. on the radio 在收音机里

11. on one’s way 在—的路上     

12. on weekends 在周末

13. on the other hand 另一方面       

14. on the left/right 在左边/右边

15. on the phone 用电话交谈,在通话   

16. on the wall 在墙上

17. depend on 依靠,依赖,取决于

18. get on 上车,相处,进展

19. work on 从事,忙于,演算       

20. put on 穿上,戴上

21. turn on 打开                    

22. try on 试穿,试戴

23. pass on 传递                    

24. hold on 稍等片刻

25. go on 继续                    

26. decide on 决定

27. concentrate on 专心,专注       

28. live on 以...为生

29. spend...on 在...花费           

30. come on 加油,来吧


L. in 短语


1. in all 总共,共计             

2. in class 在班上

3. in English 用英语            

4. in short 总之,简言之

5. in a hurry 匆忙               

6. in the end 最后,终于

7. in the future 在将来           

8. in time 及时

9. in fact 事实上,实际上        

10. in bed 在床上

11. in hospital 住院              

12. in the way 碍事的,挡道的

13. in this way 这样              

14. in red 穿着红衣服

15. in danger 处于危险中         

16. in trouble 处于困境中

17. in a minute 立刻,马上       

18. in surprise 惊奇地,惊讶地

19. in public 当众,公开         

20. in general 大体上,一般而言,通常

21. in common 共有的,公有的   

22. in style 时尚的

23. in good health 身体健康       

24. in front of 在...前面

25. in the sun 在阳光下          

26. in the past few years 在过去几年时间里

27. in order to 为了              

28. in the past 在过去        

29. do well in 在...方面干得好    

30. major in 专修,主修

31. be interested in 对...感兴趣    

32. take part in 参加

33. be weak in 在...差            

34. take pride in 以...而自豪

35.hand in 上交,交纳          

36. arrive in 到达(大地点)


M. at 短语


1. at once 立刻,马上          

2. at least 至少

3. at most 最多               

4. at last 最后

5. at home 在家               

6. at noon 在中午

7. at night 在夜晚             

8. at times 有时,偶尔

9. at school 在上学            

10. at table 在吃饭

11. at present 目前,现在      

12. at work 在工作

13. at all 全然,根本          

14. at the age of 在...岁时

15. at the end of 在...结尾        

16. at the moment 此刻,现在

17. at the same time 同时        

18. at first 首先

19. aim at 旨在,目的是         

20. knock at 敲击

21. look at 看着                

22. shout at 叫喊,叫嚷

23. point at 指着                

24. arrive at 到达

25. be good at 对...干得好       

26. be angry at 对...生气

27. be surprised at对...感到惊讶  

28. laugh at 嘲笑

29. arrive at (小地点)


N. up 短语


1. give up 放弃                     

2. take up 占据,占去,从事

3. put up 举起,挂起,张贴,搭建    

4. set up 建立,创立

5. open up 打开,开阔              

6. dress up 乔装打扮

7. stay up 熬夜,不睡觉             

8. wake up 醒来,唤醒,叫醒

9. look up 向上看,查阅             

10. cheer up 使...振作

11. end up 以...结束,结果为...

12. go up 升起,上升

13. hurry up 赶快                  

14. use up 用光,用完

15. show up 出席,露面            

16. stand up 起立,站起来

17. make up 编造,构成,化妆

18. think up 想出,提出

19. cut up 切碎                    

20. pick up 捡起,乘搭便车

21. mix up 混合                   

22. call up 打电话

23. grow up 成长,长大            

24. ring up 打电话

25. clean up 把...打扫干净

26. fix up 修理,修补

27. get up 起床                    

28. keep up 保持,坚持

29. fill up 装满                    

30. send up 发射


O. out 短语


1. give out 给出,分发             

2. hand out 分发

3. hang out 闲逛                  

4. break out 爆发

5. sell out 卖完,售完             

6. look out 向外看,小心

7. go out 出去,熄灭              

8. put out 伸出去,熄灭,扑灭

9. keep out 不使...进入            

10. find out 查明,弄清

11. run out 用完,用尽            

12. take out 拿出,取出,带出

13. clean out 把...打扫干净,清除  

14. come out 出来,开放,出版

15. work out 产生结果,算出      

16. point out 指出

17. help sb out 帮助某人解决困难   

18. get out 出去,离开


P. off 短语


1. get off 下车    

2. put off 推迟,拖延

3. take off 脱下,起飞         

4. go off 发出响声,离开

5. turn off 关闭               

6. cut off 切断

7. set off 激起,引起,出发    

8. break off 突然中止,中断

9. keep off 远离,使—不踏入  

10. run off 迅速离开,跑掉

11. be off 离开,走开          

12. fall off 落下,从...掉下

13. show off 炫耀,卖弄


Q. for短语


1. wait for 等待               

2. look for 寻找

3. pay for 为...付款            

4. care for 关心,照料

5. stand for 代表               

6. leave for 动身去某地

7. ask for 请求,要求          

8. prepare for 为...做准备

9. provide...for 为...提供         

10. thanks for 为...而感谢...

11. get ready for 为...做准备    

12. be famous for 因...而闻名

13. be good for 对...有益        

14. be bad for 对...有害

15. be late for 迟到            

16. be used for 用来做...


R. with 短语


1. agree with 同意                

2. play with 与...玩,玩弄

3. share with 与...分享...          

4. come up with 想出,提出

5. end up with 以...而结束        

6. fight with 与...打架

7. catch/catch up with 赶上        

8. be filled with ...里装满...

9. deal/do with 对付,处理        

10. provide...with 为...提供

11. begin start with 以...开始       

12. get along/on well with 与...相处得融洽

13. argue with 与...争吵           

14. with one’s help 在某人的帮助下

15. with the light on 开着灯        

16. quarrel with 与...吵架

17. be busy with 忙于...          

18. be angry with sb 生某人的气

19. be strict with sb 对某人严格要求

20. be popular with 深受...的喜欢

21. fall in live with 爱上...      

22. help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事

23.compare...with 与...相比 


S. about 短语


1. talk about 谈论,讨论          

2. worry about 担心

3. care about 关心,担心        

4. learn about 了解关于...

5. think about 考虑             

6. be excited about 对...感到兴奋

7. be nervous about 对...紧张    

8. be serious about 对...是认真的

9. complain about 埋怨,抱怨


T. of 短语


1. be afraid of 害怕...

2. be tired of 厌倦...

3. be sure of 确信...       

4. be made of 由...做成

5. be terrified of 害怕...   

6. be fond of 喜欢...

7. be careful of 小心...,当心...

8. be full of ...里装满...

9. be proud of 以...而自豪       

10. be confident of 对...有信心

11. take care of 照顾,照料      

12. think of 考虑,认为,想起

13. hear of 听说                

14. remind of 使某人想起...

15. dream of 梦想              

16. run out of 用完,用光

17. look out of 向...外看         

18. because of 因为, 由于

19. instead of 代替,而不是      

20. plenty of 大量的,充足的

21. kind of 稍微,有点          

22. all kinds of 各种各样的

23. the number of ...的数量     

24. a number of 许多

25. hundreds of 数百...     

26. thousands of 成千上万的

27. in front of 在...的前面       

28. at the end of 在...的尽头,在...末尾

29. a pair of 一双/副/条... 

30. a piece of 一片/块/条/则...

31. a a set of 一副/串           

32. a lot of 许多,好多


U. be+adj/过去分词+介词


1. be interested in 对...感兴趣        

2. be surprised at 对...感到惊讶

3. be famous for 因...而闻名          

4. be good at 擅长于...               

5. be angry with/at 生...的气         

6. be worried about 担心...

7. be strict with/in 对...要求严格      

8. be proud of 以...而自豪

9. be ready for 为...做准备           

10. be busy with 忙于...

11. be popular with 深受...的喜爱      

12. be nervous about 对...感到紧张

13. be excited about 对...感到兴奋     

14. be similar to 与...相似

15. be different from 与...不同        

16. be filled with ...里装满...       

17. be used to 习惯于...          

18. be afraid of 害怕...

19. be good for 对...有益             

20. be bad for 对...有害

21. be friendly to 对...友好            

22. be relaxed about 对...感到放松

23. be covered with 被...所覆盖        

24. be crazy about 热衷于...

25. be fond of 喜欢...              

26. be terrified of 害怕...

27. be full of ...里充满...        

28. be made of ...由...做成








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